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In arctic and subarctic areas there exist several possible sources of radioactive contamination. If an accident takes place in some of them, the discharges do not follow national borders. Cross-border cooperation between environmental and emergency preparedness organizations in the region is vital when dealing with the consequences of radioactive contamination. These organizations need to maintain a comprehensive picture of the current environmental state, conduct regional risks assessments and ensure that the general public, decision-making authorities and other stakeholders are provided with accurate and relevant information.

Natural environments have a huge social and economic importance for the indigenous people in the EuroArctic region. To understand the consequences of possible accidents, risks assessments have to be made where the particular life styles of indigenous population are considered. Improved cross-border cooperation between the environmental and emergency preparedness organisations will improve such risk assessments. Collaboration will also offer new ways to share knowledge and inform the public with regard to radiation-related issues.

The organizations in the region acting in the fields of nuclear safety and environmental radioactivity have to be able to respond to any nuclear accident situations. They are responsible of delivering information on the current state of the environment as well as the possible consequences of nuclear accidents to the population and decision-making authorities. The most important target groups and beneficiaries of the project were these organizations whose skills on nuclear safety, environmental radioactivity, and taking into account the needs of indigenous people were enhanced. The outputs were also of benefit for other target groups like energy and mining industries, tourism, reindeer herding, fishing and other industries involved in the production and/or the use of natural products.